In Japanese phonetics, there are 5 (a, b, y, u, e) phonemes. Vowels are short and long. They never change the timbre of his sound: do not pass each other and are uncertain. Vowel sounds almost in any position in the word are pronounced distinctly. Hard consonants in Japanese, have a corresponding pair of soft. Much of the language syllables ending vowel, as well as a vowel can make a syllable.
Distinguish words to each other can the duration of vowel sounds. The main consonants in Japanese – is a, b, n, r, k, q, r, s, c, x, m, n, d. There are also so-called nasal consonants, which are located at the end of a syllable. Most consonants, situated in front of vowels y, a, a mitigated. Unlike Russian and English languages, where the function is to sense the difference stress, in such a role is played by Japanese tonatsii (pitch).
In most dialects Japanese after the separation of syllables tonatsiya falls. Feature of the morphology of the Japanese language is the technique of 'agglutination' or 'bonding' basic morphemes (suffixes and endings) with the root word. Between morphemes in words There are certain limits (this applies to affixes and roots). Beyond a certain element of the content is fixed a definite means of expression. Categories such as gender and number in Japanese, no. However, there special system of nominal classes. Vocabulary of Japanese language is divided into three groups. The first – the historically Japanese words or wagons, and the second – words whose origins are Chinese or Kang, third – borrowed from other languages words (most of the loans – a European language) or gayraygo.