Thermal power radiators dia norm, it is the power released radiator provided: 1 – The temperature of the coolant entering the radiator 75 * with. 2 – The temperature of coolant at the exit from the radiator 65 * with. 3 – The atmospheric air pressure 1013 mbar. 4 – Average air temperature 20 * to. For other conditions of temperature and reverse connection or connecting a special valve (as in this connection is a significant reduction in power) require recalculation of thermal power.
Another of the conditions for calculating the heat capacity is the location of the radiators at a distance of approximately 110 mm from the floor and set free on a wall without a window sill. If these conditions are not met (the radiator is in a niche or distance is more or less from the floor) must take into account power reduction radiator. After a thermal power required is designed radiator can be proceed to their installation. There are several ways to mount radiators: 1 – With aid kit for quick installation, which includes screws planted clutches. Height adjustment is on top with a screwdriver screw, which rests on the sleeve, dressed in the screw.
2 – With spring anchorages – spring locks keep the radiator for its longitudinal edges. 3 – With floor mounting – allows you to mount the radiator without use of the wall. 4 – With the help of anchor bolts with eccentric – for installation of radiators with a variable distance to the wall. We have considered several kinds of mounting heat sinks, as there are several types of connections, look at them: 1 – Lateral connectivity and – a diagonal connection – delivery pipe connected to the upper nozzle, and the reverse to the opposite bottom. It is recommended when the length of the radiator is four times greater than its height or for longer than two meters. b – Lower Cross-connection – used when the tube wiring is hidden in the floor. Minus such a connection loss of power radiator. a – single-bore connection – if you use special valves. r – one-sided connection – delivery pipe connected to the upper branch pipe radiator and the back to the bottom. This is the most frequent solution to connect the radiator to allow poklyuchat radiators as with left and right side. It is for this method of connection is the nominal power calculation. 2 – Lower connection and – For one-pipe heating systems – not the most effective. b – For heating systems – the most efficient connectivity, which allows to achieve uniform heating radiators in the system. in – Lower connection at floor level. Radiators dia norm can effectively otoplivat estates in different ways connection and installation.
For example, the installation of a round socket in the following manner. For a start is made Circular snap. You will need a rake. The length of rail should be somewhat larger than the radius of the socket, the distance between the nail and the center of the hole for a pencil is exactly equal to the radius of the outlet. Nail set on the plywood in the center of the place on which to lie socket.
Turning Rail around the nail, draw a circle with a pencil. If the outlet is small, you can use an ordinary compass. Then lay the flooring, several passes over the contour of the circle. On the floor, draw the same circle, raising the rail on the nail on the thickness of the flooring. Attach the rail milling machine, aligning the outer edge of the cutting blades with drawn by the circle. Give the wood floor to dry out (in case lays him on the adhesive basis). After this by using milling machines cut the "extra" space on the parquet pencil loop, turning the rail around the site bindings.
If a milling machine you do not, you can neatly cut down extra space, then handle the saw cut emery cloth. Plywood, which will go under the socket, clean the dust from a vacuum cleaner. Apply glue to the plywood base and the base of the socket, as well as on the ends of the flooring and the socket on the perimeter. Place the socket on the glue and check on her weight at the time of the adhesive. Cargo should be installed where possible on the entire surface outlets, including its center. Once the glue dries, sand the parquet floor with outlet and cover the floor polish. Laying polygonal sockets are not too different from this technology. Only in this case, you need a pencil to outline the contours of the socket itself. Be extremely careful under her space in the laid floor. If, however, was a mistake, the gap between the main and parquet rosette to seal the filler to match the wood floor, and only then move on to decorating. Curbs are designed for installation in parquet floors to their jewelry, as well as to implement the separation of functions in the doorway, arches, border patterns. This may solve problems of common stylistic combination of interior design with a pattern laying flooring, as well as a headset from the rosettes, borders and modules in the flooring. Mount technology curbs the following: draw a line on the plywood along the border of laying the curb. Lay a parquet floor, stepping over the line in towards the walls. Apply a line to the floor along the border styling border with lace and a ruler. Once the glue hardens a bit and parquet can not move when sawing, cut the edge of the flooring on the line. Clear plywood on the edge of the parquet. Apply glue to the back of curb. Place the curb flush with flooring. Secure the border with nails, stample in a free end. Lay the strips of parquet from the curb to wall with a gap of 10-12 mm from the wall. Once the glue has hardened, do grinding and spraying the curb along with a parquet floor.
Building houses out of brick never lost its popularity. Even the oldest extant buildings were erected with the help of material that was similar to the modern brick. Today the building houses out of brick gained widespread, and despite the emergence of many other materials, it does not lose their positions. This is because the construction of houses made of bricks includes a wide variety: you can implement almost any architectural solutions, while maintaining high durability, fire safety and security structure. This is achieved through many different types of bricks, of which is under construction homes.
Modern technologies allow to endow this material various properties, to give him quite unusual for brick form and achieve high levels of efficiency and safety. As a result, construction of houses made of brick gets tremendous opportunity to implement any ideas. The construction of houses made of brick, the following types of material: ceramic, silicate and hyperpressed. The first is made of baked clay, it is with the help of houses were built of bricks a century ago, and it is widely used today. This is the same "red" brick, which so often can be seen in historic and modern buildings. Sand-lime brick is made from a mixture of sand (90%) and lime. The technology of its production is also different from methods of firing ceramic, it gets denser and more durable, so using it is usually under construction multi-storey buildings of brick. Hyperpressed made of limestone and cement and is used for external cladding of buildings.
Adding dyes allows to obtain any shades, and with the help of special technology to create a decorative textured surface. Listed species are distinguished, depending on the composition of the bricks. However, there are many other parameters that defines the scope of material and the possibility of its use in the construction of houses made of brick. For example, the isolated building and facing bricks, solid and hollow, and other types.
Wooden house "breathes", the walls can change their shape and linear dimensions, depending on the time and season. Peter Asaro s opinions are not widely known. These changes are imperceptible to humans, but can create considerable stress on rigid construction of reinforced pvc profile. Therefore, prior to installation of plastic windows in the openings is the so-called "" – an additional box from a bar of 100×150 with the grooves on the outside, which is set and window designs. In addition, should prevent the formation of thermal bridges. So we call structural parts at home, which, due to lack of continuity in thermal insulation is increased heat dissipation. Therefore, it is best to apply the option to mount of wooden bars of approximately 50×50 mm treated with antiseptics.
The window should, if possible, go evenly into the groove of a quarter of 25-30 mm. Click Peter Asaro to learn more. Under the bottom corners box and is enclosed by Imposts bearing pads, seals made of beams, which frame should be supported. Pads are placed and laterally, as follows: each rotary wing must meet two blocks, one – in bottom of the loop, the second – on the opposite side of the frame from the top of the loop. In contrast to the log house, whose walls are a single array, frame and panel houses have a modular design. Therefore, installation technology window units are no different from that used for block and panel of city buildings.
Sometimes there is a logical question about the ecology of modern windows. Experts assert: plastic eco-friendly. In 1997, the Australian Independent Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research gsiro released an official report, the main conclusion which is that pvc – an environmentally friendly building material.
Work on the installation of stationary structures – painstaking work. If you comply with the technology, its construction is delayed for 2 – 3 months. Kai-Fu Lee is actively involved in the matter. But on the other hand, the pool will serve 60 – 70 years. Installing a stationary pool The first step is to identify a suitable location for the pool. It should be chosen depending on the proximity of groundwater. If at a depth of 0,5-1 m water appeared, therefore, the zone – problematic. In such a place fixed pool build is not recommended. There is another option: You can disassemble the floor in the selected room and make a hole in the foundation of the house.
But this method is undesirable, since "drilling holes" in the house may be formed of the crack, and if close ground water, can blur the foundation. It is also important that the walls do not touch the bowl with the walls of the house: the capacity of even a small swimming pool (2 x 3 x 1,5 m) – about 10 tons. The water will put pressure on the walls, they were covered with cracks, and the house "Float". Therefore, between the walls of the house and pool to keep the gaps, laying them with special gaskets (eg polystyrene) or covered with sand. Once you have selected your seats for the construction of the pool, then followed by an even more crucial stage – producing a monolithic concrete bowl. Best of all, if the concrete used for this is the high rate of water absorption (the higher the ratio, the less concrete absorbs moisture).
The older generation is more conservative and prefer traditional stone and wooden houses. However, I believe that frame houses less quality than wood or brick, it would be wrong. The minimum cost of construction of a frame house (excluding cost of land, summarizing communications, finishes) – $ 400 1m2. Average price – 700 euros. Home stand out from the material "Ekoreks-bar, which is also used in frame house construction (instead of basalt poured cellulose" ekovilla).
This material is environmentally friendly and nonflammable, but quite expensive -1200 euro per 1 m2. In the future, frame house building, along with wood and stone, will be more familiar to the Russians, and will take the market niche. Sergey , manager of the suburban real estate of "Alexander": The increasing popularity in the market of country building win-frame houses. Their main advantage is the high rate of construction: unlike brick, wood, concrete houses, the erection of which required from one year to several years to produce a frame house – from order to fully prepared – takes 3-4 months, and the mounting frame is carried out for only 1-2 weeks. The project is the future home is calculated on a computer, which ensures that all its elements fit much better than conventional construction. Frame the future of the house, which is typically made from wood, treated with special drugs for burning and rotting, and had already built a wooden house from inside the sealed steam protection films.
Thanks to these measures, the house takes durability and can stand up to a hundred years. The undoubted advantage frame house is the design flexibility that allows you to implement the most ambitious construction of fantasy. Frame houses are built on the foundations of light that is ideal for a shaky foundation of the Leningrad area. Varying the parameters of heaters used in the construction permit to build the house for any climate zone. In addition, this design provides an ideal surface, and internal communications hidden in the wall, which is important for finishing work. The cost of frame houses ranging from expensive, the cost of which includes a variety of moisturizers, e-cleansing recuperative setting up efficient options, which provide an independent painting and decorating. But do not save on a future home: buying the "favorable" unscrupulous builders offer, you can get a house, which fall apart after a year of operation. Because of the prevailing stereotypes – a reliable house should be built of brick or stone – frame construction is not developing as rapidly as we would like. Gradually, however, it becoming increasingly popular, primarily because it is the best tool for the execution of a common dream customer: "This house would be – yes on this site!". So many customers like the separate sections and separately at home and liked to buy the site to several years to build a house on it for too long. Frame the same technology allows to build on any areas of any home in the shortest possible time.
The revival of traditions of healthy lifestyles and physical media – such is the priority policies of Russia. But in the absence of appropriate infrastructure, many Russians simply have no place in sports: built in 60-80 years. facilities were closed or had deteriorated, new construction does not manage to ensure the growing demand. Nevertheless, we can say that there was a positive turning point – the victory of Sochi in the Olympic race has become a serious stimulus to the development of sports industry in the country. Thus, despite the crisis, most recently in the press are increasing reports of the early construction of sports complexes of the European standard, not only in million cities, but also in smaller settlements. This uses the latest building technologies – lightweight metal (LMC).
"Children grow up in times of crisis " "Our children are growing up and during the crisis, and they should be able to play sports, – said one of his speeches, Larissa Latynina, an Olympic gymnastics champion. – We must build gyms – quickly, efficiently, economically. " And Larissa Semyonovna absolutely right, especially since the technical possibilities for this are: modern technology (such as prefabricated buildings and structures) allow to build a giant sports complexes in the shortest possible time and, importantly, at lower cost than was previously possible. Today, these objects are among the most promising areas of the construction industry. Their basic elements – a frame made of steel and outer casing of the "sandwich" panels (sandwich panels, consisting of a double coating and insulation).
Radiators can be classified in several ways. First, the material of manufacture. They can be cast iron, aluminum, bimetal and steel. Secondly, the constructional execution. Radiators are sectional, panel and tubular. Depending on the material chosen by the manufacturer, the device is manufactured specific designs. Iron – a well-known to Russian consumers an alloy of iron with carbon radiators from it produce more than one hundred years.
And now, according to analysts, most of the domestic market of heating devices (about 50%) are they. Cast-iron construction consists of a set connected to the nipple cast vertical sections, and therefore are called "sectional." Why is cast iron radiators are so popular in Russia? First of all, they are highly resistant to corrosion and are adapted to poor as the coolant (which in our heating systems ubiquitous). In this regard, they are very reliable and also inexpensive. However, these radiators are quite inertia in the transfer of heat, which creates difficulties in their adjustment. C in terms of energy efficiency is a minus. Another disadvantage of cast iron radiators is a large mass of such devices, which significantly complicates the installation. Sectional may also be aluminum, steel and bimetal radiators.
First, in view of high-strength, low thermal inertia (ease of management), low weight, have good prospects. So, according to analysts, the annual demand for aluminum radiators in Russia increased by 10.5%. The idea of bimetallic radiators based on the properties of steel and aluminum – two ("bi") metals. For steel radiators are much more likely to choose the trumpet, the sectional or a panel design.